4 billion to more than double his fortune to $15
2016's volatility ends on a high note
In a year when populist voters reshaped power and politics high quality designer replica handbags across Europe and the United fake designer bags States, the world's wealthiest people are ending 2016 with $237 billion more than they had at the start.
Triggered by disappointing economic data from China at the beginning, the United Kingdom's vote to leave the European Union in replica louis vuitton handbags the middle and the election of billionaire Donald Trump at the end, the biggest fortunes on the planet rose 5.7 percent to $4.4 trillion by the close of trading Dec. 27, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index.
"In general, clients rode through the volatility," said Simon Smiles, chief investment officer for ultra high net worth clients at UBS Wealth Management. "2016 ended up being a spectacular year."
The gains were led by Warren Buffett, who added $11.8 billion during the year as his investment firm Berkshire Hathaway saw its airline and banking holdings soar after Trump's surprise victory on Nov. 8. Buffett, who has pledged to give away most of his fortune to charity, donated Berkshire Hathaway stock valued at $2.6 billion in July. investor reclaimed his spot as the world's second richest person two days after Trump's victory ignited a year end rally that pushed Buffett's wealth up 19 percent for the year, to $74.1 billion.
https://leesaez53712.blogspot.com/2021/07/diamonds-have-lagged-until-recently.html "2016's been event driven with global news driving prices, rather than fundamentals," said Michael Cole, president of Ascent Private Capital Management, which has about $10 billion of assets under management. "The belief that Trump is going to come in and deregulate big parts of the economy is driving the markets right now."
The individual gains for the year were dominated by Americans, who had four of the five biggest increases on the index, including Microsoft co founder Bill Gates, the world's richest person with $91.5 billion, and oilman Harold Hamm.
The country's richest were largely opposed to a Trump presidency during the election, including Dallas Mavericks owner Mark Cuban, who told the media in May that stocks could fall as much as 20 percent if Trump were to win. billionaires including Buffett favored Trump's rival, Hillary Clinton. Still, they profited from his victory when they added $77 billion to their fortunes in the post election rally fueled by expectations that regulations would ease and American industry would benefit.
The president elect is building a cabinet heavy on wealth and corporate connections, and light on government experience, a mix that hedge fund billionaire Ray Dalio said last month would unleash the "animal spirits" of capitalism and drive markets even higher. Dalio is the world's 63rd richest person with $14.1 billion.
Investors and executives welcomed Trump's picks, including billionaire Wilbur Ross to lead the Department of Commerce and former Goldman Sachs Group executive Steven Mnuchin as his treasury secretary, who have a combined net worth of at least $5.6 billion, according to the index.
"You know, I was not opposing Trump as much as most people," Saudi Arabian billionaire Mohamed Bin Issa Al Jaber said in a Dec. 11 interview. "He's capable and, as a businessman, he's shrewd about the bottom line. The people he's surrounding himself with have baggage, but they're also successful and shrewd."
France's Bernard Arnault was the sole non American representative among the five best performers, adding $7.1 billion to take his fortune to $38.9 billion. His LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE said the Chinese luxury goods market is improving.
replica louis vuitton Gates remained the world's richest person throughout the year. Amancio Ortega, replica louis vuitton Europe's richest person and founder of the Zara clothing chain, was in second place on the index for most of the year until he ceded it to Buffett in November. Ortega, who dropped $1.7 billion in 2016, is the world's third richest person with $71.2 billion.
https://leesaez53712.blogspot.com/2021/07/diamonds-have-lagged-until-recently.html Wildcatter Hamm's fortune was propelled by a strengthening oil price and expectations a Trump administration will slash fossil fuel regulations. Hamm added $8.4 billion to more than double his fortune to $15.3 billion. He led the 49 energy, metals and mining billionaires, who were Discount Replica Louis Vuitton Bags the best performing category on the ranking, adding $80 billion and reversing the $32 billion fall they had in 2015.
Billionaire brothers Charles and David Koch Designer Louis Vuitton Replica Handbags each dropped $2 billion after Koch Industries reported on its website that annual revenue is estimated to be "as high as $100 billion," compared with the estimate of "as much fake designer bags as $115 billion" that the conglomerate published on the site previously. Company spokesman Rob Carlton stated in a Nov. 17 email that Koch revenue fluctuates with the price of commodities.
Technology fortunes were the second best performing on the ranking, with 55 billionaires adding $50 billion to their fortunes over the year, despite worries that a Trump presidency might introduce policies that could hurt their companies.
"I think we'll have to see what the policies of the administration are," Google co founder Sergey Brin said at the annual Breakthrough Prize gala in Silicon Valley in December. Bezos, who doubled his fortune to $60 billion in 2015, high quality replica handbags china led gains among technology executives again this year, rising $7.5 billion in 2016 on robust sales growth at the online retailer (Bezos owns The Washington Post). He was followed by Facebook co founder Mark Zuckerberg, who replica designer handbags added $5.4 billion.
Some of the industry's biggest relative gains went to the founders of the world's leading start ups, such as Uber Technologies' Travis Kalanick and Snap's Evan Spiegel. The "unicorn" billionaires, which include Spotify co founder Martin Lorentzon, who was identified as a billionaire for the first time in 2016, secured mammoth funding rounds while moving closer to testing their fortunes on the public markets.
Other billionaires uncovered by the Bloomberg index in 2016 included the father and son behind Jose Cuervo tequila, New York real estate developer Axel Stawski and Kosovo construction tycoon Behgjet Pacolli.
The index also unveiled 11 surviving family members of reclusive Thai entrepreneur Chaleo Yoovidhya, the inventor of Red Bull, whose heirs share a combined $22 billion net worth, the world's largest energy drink fortune. Three billionaires emerged in Argentina, including the country's first technology billionaire, Marcos Galperin, as markets rose on enthusiasm for President Mauricio Macri's finance friendly economic policies.
Most fortunes outside of the United States didn't get the same boost from Trump's victory and were hurt by fluctuating commodities prices and the rise of the dollar, the currency used for the Bloomberg ranking. Nine of the 10 biggest decliners in 2016 were from outside the United States, led by China's second richest person, Wang Jianlin, who lost $5.8 billion. Wang ended the year as the world's 21st richest person with $30.6 billion.
Nigeria's Aliko Dangote, the richest person in Africa, lost $4.9 billion, or one third of his wealth, as the combined effect of falling oil prices and the June devaluation of the naira pushed him to No. 112 with $10.4 billion. Dangote was the world's 46th richest person in June.
Saudi Arabia's Prince Alwaleed bin Talal high quality designer replica handbags wholesale fell $4.9 billion, a 20 percent drop. In November, he said all of his stakes in public companies including Citigroup are potentially for sale, reversing a long standing policy that some of his most prized shareholdings were "forever."
Wealth creation in China turned negative for the first time since the inception of the index five years ago, with the country's richest losing $11 billion in 2016 amid a slump in the Shanghai Shenzhen CSI 300 index and a 7 percent decline for the yuan against the dollar.
Alibaba Group Holding founder Jack Ma closed the year with $33.3 billion, adding $3.6 billion in 2016. China has 31 billionaires on the index with a total of $262 billion, trailing the United States, which has 179 Fake Louis Vuitton Replica Bags billionaires who control $1.9 trillion, and Germany, where 39 individuals have a total of $281 billion. and European sanctions behind them, reversing the combined $63 billion declines for 2014 and 2015 by adding $49 billion in 2016.
Wealth managers for the world's richest are girding themselves for similarly frenetic start to 2017 as the seismic changes voters demanded this year start to take shape.